breed standard is an approved and registered description of a
certain breed. Sometimes there are several standards of one
breed. It depends from country to country. These have little
differences, some are more detailed. This is the English version
of the F.C.I. breed standard of the Havanese (250) :
of publication: 21-02-2006 (revised by R. Triquet).
Newest revision: 12.01.2009.
Companion and toy dog
GROUP 9 - Companion and Toy dogs
Section 1 - Bichons and related breeds
Without working trial
breed comes from the Western Mediterranean region and has
developed along the Spanish and Italian coastal region.
It would seem that these dogs were imported early in Cuba
by ocean navigating Italian captains.
Erroneously, the most frequent brown colour of these dogs
(tobacco) gave birth to the legend which would mean it to be a
breed originating from Havana, capital of Cuba.
The political events however have led to the total
disappearance of the old blood lines of the Havanese in Cuba;
apparently a few dogs could be successfully smuggled out from
Cuba; their descendants have survived in the U.S.A.
Havanese is a sturdy little dog, low on his legs, with long
abundant hair, soft and preferably wavy.
His movement is lively and elastic.
length of the muzzle (tip of nose to stop) is equal to the
distance between the stop and the occipital protuberance.
The relation between the length of the body (measured
from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) and
the height at the withers is of 4/3.
bright he is easy to train as alarm dog.
Affectionate, of a happy nature, he is amiable, a
charmer, playful and even
a bit of a clown. He
loves children and plays endlessly with them.
medium length, the relation between the length of the head and
that of the trunk (measured from the withers to the base of the
tail) is of 3/7.
: Flat to very slightly rounded, broad; forehead hardly rising;
seen from above it is rounded at the back and almost straight
and square on the other three sides.
: Moderately marked.
: Black or brown.
: Narrowing progressively and slightly towards the nose but
neither snipey nor truncated.
: Fine, lean, tight.
: Scissor bite. A
complete dentition is desirable.
The absence of premolars 1 (PM1) and molars 3 (M3) is
: Very flat, not prominent.
: Quite big, almond shape, of brown colour as dark as possible.
Kind expression. The
eyes rims must be dark brown to black.
: Set relatively high; they fall along the cheeks forming a
discreet fold which raises them slightly.
Their extremity is in a lightly rounded point.
They are covered with hair in long fringes.
Neither propeller ears (sticking sideways), nor stuck to
length of the body is slightly superior to that of the height at
: Topline straight, slightly arched over the loin.
Croup : Noticeably inclined.
Ribs : Well sprung.
Belly (abdomen) : Well tucked up.
high, either in shape of a crozier or preferably rolled over the
back; it is furnished with feathering of long silky hair.
Forelegs straight and parallel, lean; good bone structure.
The distance from the ground to the elbow must not be
greater than that between the elbow and the withers.
Good bone structure; moderate angulations.
Of slightly elongated shape; small; tight toes.
to his happy nature, the Havanese has a strikingly light-footed
and elastic gait; forelegs with free stride and pointing
straight forward, the hindlegs giving them the impulsion and
moving in a straight line.
: Undercoat woolly and not very developed; it is often totally
absent. The topcoat
is very long (12-
in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy and may form curly strands.
All grooming, the usage of scissors to even out the
length of the coat and all trimming is forbidden.
Exception : tidying up the hair on the feet is permitted,
the hair on the forehead may be slightly shortened so that it
does not cover the eyes and the hair on the muzzle may be
slightly tidied up, but it is preferable to leave it in natural
Rarely completely pure white, fawn in
its different shades (slight blackened overlay admitted), black,
havana-brown, tobacco colour, reddish-brown.
Patches in mentioned colours allowed. Tan
markings in all nuances permitted.
information about the chocolate / brown colour: Circulaire
FCI 14/2009 +
FCI 14/2009 annex
at the withers
: From 23 to
: from 21 to
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon
the health and welfare of the dog.
appearance lacking in type
or snipey muzzle, length not identical to that of the skull.
of prey eyes; eyes too deep set or prominent; rims of eyelids
too long or too short.
tail, not carried high.
* « French »
front (pasterns too close, feet turned outwards).
* Deformed hind feet.
harsh, not abundant; hair short except on puppies; groomed coat.
or overly shy.
* Depigmented nose.
* Upper or lower prognathism.
* Ectropion, entropion; rim of eyelids of one or both eyes
* Size over or under the indicated norms of the standard.
dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.